February 1, 2024


The National POLST Collaborative (NPC) and the Coalition for Compassionate Care have recently been made aware of activity within the EPIC foundation platform to incorporate the National POLST model form. This has been done without express permission from NPC, and the National POLST model form is not approved for use in California.

While the national form and any out-of-state POLST or POLST paradigm form should be honored, such reciprocity is not mandated by state law and policies regarding non-California POLST forms vary widely. At this time, the NPC is attempting to work with EPIC to rectify this unauthorized use of the National POLST model form. In the meantime, we urge all POLST users in California to standardize on the California EMSA-approved POLST form, as utilizing the national model form may jeopardize patient care.

For further information, please contact info@coalitionccc.org.


Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) is a medical order that outlines a plan of care reflecting a patient’s wishes concerning care at life’s end. The POLST form is voluntary and is intended to:

  • Help you and your patient discuss and develop plans to reflect his or her wishes
  • Assist physicians, nurses, healthcare facilities, and emergency personnel in honoring a person’s wishes for life-sustaining treatment

Having a conversation with a seriously-ill patient about end-of-life issues is an important and necessary part of good medical care. POLST can provide structure for those important discussions between you and your seriously-ill patients. POLST is making a difference. Studies have shown that among patients with POLST forms treatment preferences were respected 98% of the time, and no one received unwanted CPR, intubations, intensive care or feeding tubes.

At the Coalition for Compassionate Care of California (CCCC), we are here to help guide you through the use of POLST. We offer multiple trainings and resources, all designed to help you learn more about POLST, and to develop and enhance your skills for facilitating meaningful conversations with patients and families about goals of care and POLST.

POLST Physician Leadership Council

About the POLST/ACP Physician Leadership Council

The POLST/ACP Physician Leadership Council — an advisory group to the Coalition for Compassionate Care of California — is a group of California physicians, physician assistants and nurse practitioners representing multiple specialties who collaborate on POLST education and tools for healthcare professionals, patients, their families and others. Their goal is to assure that the health care wishes of Californians facing serious illness are elicited and honored. This group regards meaningful conversations among patients, families, and the healthcare team as the fundamental basis for advance care planning and the proper creation of the POLST form.

The POLST/ACP Physician Leadership Council promotes best practices in advance care planning and the use of POLST by:

  • Educating professionals and community members about documenting goals of care conversations on the POLST form,
  • Advising on POLST form development and quality improvement, and
  • Supporting innovation in POLST and advance care planning education and outreach.

If you are interested in participating in the Physician Leadership Council, contacting a physician from this group for education or guidance about the POLST form, or have questions regarding a particular case, please Contact Us.

POLST Education

Get training on the California POLST from the California POLST experts at CCCC.

  • POLST: It Starts with a Conversation is a two-day “train-the-trainer” program designed to help healthcare providers and organizations develop the skills necessary to have quality POLST conversations. Using the standardized California POLST curriculum, the program guides participants through the POLST form and uses role-playing exercises to model the complex scenarios that arise during end-of-life care discussions.
  • POLST For Pediatrics – Conversations about end-of-life care are never easy, especially when the care concerns a seriously ill child. The Children’s Hospice & Palliative Care Coalition (CHPCC), together with the Coalition for Compassionate Care of California, developed a curriculum that teaches clinicians how to have sensitive, meaningful end-of-life care discussions with parents about their child.  Released in 2012, the curriculum guides doctors, nurses, and other providers in using a POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) form to record parents’ wishes for their child’s care in the final days of life.


24/7 Online Training

Working with POLST for Professionals: Education through the CSU Shiley Haynes Institute for Palliative Care

This 3-hour, online, self-paced course is designed to help healthcare professionals understand the role and value of POLST, and how to employ it in documenting and honoring patient wishes.

An optional 3 Continuing Education units (CEs) are available for purchase for an additional $25.00. See website for more course details.
Register here»

POLST for Physician Assistants & Nurse Practitioners

In 2014, Assembly Bill 637 was enacted, allowing physician assistants and nurse practitioners acting under the supervision of a physician and within the scope of practice authorized by law to sign POLST.

  • Handout: What You Need to Know About AB 637 and POLST (PDF)
  • FAQ: Changes to POLST under AB 637 (PDF)
  • Watch: Webinar about Changes to POLST in 2016 under AB 637 (View for free)
  • FAQ: Answers to questions asked during the live webinar about POLST under AB 637 (PDF)

  • FAQ for Consumers PDF
  • FAQ for Providers PDF
  • Frequently Asked Clinical Questions for Providers PDF
  • POLST Facts for Nonclinical Staff PDF
  • Quick Reference: POLST Quick Reference Guide for Physicians PDF
  • Quick Reference: Relationship Between POLST Sections A & B PDF
  • Quick Reference: POLST in Nursing Homes PDF
  • POLST in California Assisted Living Communities PDF

POLST Consumer Brochures

The POLST Consumer Brochure is available in the CCCC Online Store:

Decision Aids & Conversation Tools for Providers

Decision Aids is an educational series designed by the Coalition for Compassionate Care of California that explains the complex topics of life-sustaining treatments, using consumer-friendly language with evidence-based information. The Guides were developed with the help and guidance of healthcare professionals, and reflect the latest research on these interventions.

The Decision Aids are recommended for use by healthcare professionals who treat seriously-ill patients in hospitals, palliative care units, skilled nursing facilities, hospices and medical groups. The Guides are intended to supplement conversations between patients and healthcare providers.

TOPICS INCLUDE: artificial hydration, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), mechanical ventilation, and tube feeding.

LANGUAGES: English, Chinese, Spanish, and Vietnamese

Learn more about the Decision Guides and view samples »


Communication Tools & Resources

Helpful Phrases for Having the POLST Conversation / Frases útiles para usar en las conversaciones sobre POLST (PDF)
This guide walks healthcare providers through the most commonly used phrases in walking a patient and family through conversations about the POLST form. The guide includes phrases and questions in English and Spanish.

Using POLST with the Pediatric Population (PDF)
The Family Advisory Council of the Children’s Hospice and Palliative Care Coalition, along with key pediatric palliative care providers and the Coalition for Compassionate Care of California, developed recommendations for discussing Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) with families of seriously ill children.

POLST Videos
  • POLST: Having the POLST Conversation

POLST Model Policies & Procedures
Model Policy introductory notes and comments PDF

POLST Model Policy for General Acute Care Hospitals PDF 

POLST Model Policy for Hospices PDF 

POLST Model Policy for Skilled Nursing Facilities PDF 

POLST QAPI Toolkit for SNFs

Designed to provide skilled nursing facilities with useful, QAPI-based tools which can be used to improve POLST utilization in California’s nursing homes and assure that residents’ end-of-life treatment wishes are understood, documented and followed.
Download the QAPI Toolkit as a PDF

What is QAPI?
QAPI stands for Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement.

QAPI is a data-driven, proactive approach to improving the quality of life, care, and services in nursing homes. The activities of QAPI involve members at all levels of the organization to: identify opportunities for improvement; address gaps in systems or processes; develop and implement an improvement or corrective plan; and continuously monitor effectiveness of interventions.

Effective QAPI programs are critical to improving the quality of life, and quality of care and services delivered in nursing homes.

POLST Presentations

What Is POLST? Presentation for Healthcare Providers PPTx

POLST Community Presentation PPTx